Heroes of the Hinterlands
The Golarion Calendar
The Golarion Calendar
Time travels on Golarion much as it does here on our own Earth. Sixty seconds form a minute, sixty minutes create an hour, and twenty-four hours make a day. The people of Golarion measure time much like we do as well, with seven days to a week and twelve months to a year. Years are marked since the founding of the last great empire, that of Aroden, the Last of the First Humans. Although the empire has collapsed, its calendar remains in use to this day. At the start of the Rise of the Runelords campaign, the date is 4707 AR (Absalom Reckoning).1 The current date is 30 Kuthona, 4712.
Days of the week
The days of the week are as follows. Each day has a general purpose that most people in the Inner Sea region follow.
Day General Purpose
Moonday Work, religion [night]
Oathday Work, pacts signed, oaths sworn
Sunday Rest, religion
The months in Golarion correspond to our own, with each new year starting shortly after the solstice. The name of each month is etymologically tied to a specific god: Abadar, Calistria. Pharasma, Gozreh, Desna, Sarenrae, Erastil, Aroden, Rovagug, Lamashtu, Nethys, and Zon-Kuthon. Natives of Golarion see the gods reflected in the changing of the seasons, and their names for the months reflect this. (Gozreh’s month, for instance, is a time of budding and new life, while Zon-Kuthon’s is seen as the death of the old year.) Holidays in a given month are generally tied to their patron deity. In order, the months are:
Golarion Month Gregorian Month Days in Month Season
Abadius (ah-BAY-dee-us) (January) 31 days Winter
Calistril (KAHL-izz-trihl) (February) 28 days Winter
Pharast (fah-RAHST) (March) 30 days Spring
Gozran (GOHZ-ran) (April) 31 days Spring
Desnus (DEZ-nuhs) (May) 30 days Spring
Sarenith (sa-REHN-ihth) (June) 31 days Summer
Erastus (eh-RAS-tuhs) (July) 30 days Summer
Arodus (AIR-oh-duhs) (August) 31 days Summer
Rova (ROH-va) (September) 30 days Fall
Lamashan (lah-MAHSH-ahn) (October) 31 days Fall
Neth (NEHTH) (November) 30 days Fall
Kuthona (koo-THOH-nah) (December) 31 days Winter
Absalom Reckoning or AR is the most commonly used calendar in Avistan and Garund, and possibly in all of Golarion. In Absalom Reckoning the day of the month is always listed first, followed by the month and the year and generally followed by the letters AR. It takes its beginning from the date of the founding of Absalom, which occurred on 1 Abadius, 1 AR. According to the calendar, each day on Golarion has 24 hours, each week has seven days, and 52 weeks make a year. A year is also divided into twelve months, although once every eight years an extra day is added to make up for the slight variance in the planet’s orbit around the sun. This leap day is generally added to the end of Calistril . The last leap year was 4704 AR, so the next one will be 4712 AR.
Days of the week
Although most days of the week are assigned for work, a few have other meanings as well.
Moonday: Generally a work day with some religions holding ceremonies at night.
Toilday: A work day.
Wealday: A work day.
Oathday: A work day on which it is often considered advantageous to sign contracts and oaths.
Fireday: A work day that is most often the market day.
Starday: A work day.
Sunday: Generally a day of rest and one devoted to religious observances.
Months of the year
As stated above, each year is broken down into twelve months which correspond to a particular deity.
Abadius: This is the first month of the year and is named in honor of the god Abadar.
Calistril: A late winter month, it takes its name from the goddess of revenge Calistria.
Pharast: This month takes its name from the goddess Pharasma.
Gozran: This stormy month is named for the god of the wind Gozreh.
Desnus: The milder month of Desnus gets its name from the goddess Desna.
Sarenith: Naturally the goddess Sarenrae gives its name to this sun-blessed month.
Erastus: This month is named in honor of god of the hunt Erastil.
Arodus: Although he is no longer widely worshiped, the summer month is named for the Last Azlanti, Aroden.
Rova: The beginning of cold and autumn is named after the violent god Rovagug.
Lamashan: The goddess of monsters, Lamashtu gives this month its name.
Neth: The two-faced god of magic, Nethys is honored with this month.
Kuthona: The shortest day of the year comes during the month dedicated to the god of darkness, Zon-Kuthon.